During the harvest, the plants are pulled, not cut, because the fibers extend to the roots of the plant. Long stems are preferable as the longest fibers produce the finest quality linen.
Afterwards, the retting process begins. Dew, rain and sunshine help to loosen the fibers in the plants. The soil also plays an essential role and contributes to the typical beige colour of flax. Once the stems are collected, they must be stripped down into their essential fibers. Machines break and beat the plant until only the fibers remain.
The long fibers are combed until only long, shiny fibers remain and are then spun into threads, from which the textile can be woven.